The Last Alchemist: Count Cagliostro, Master of Magic in the Age of Reason

By Iain McCalman

Freemason ... Shaman ... Prophet ... Seducer ... Swindler ... Thief ... Heretic

Who used to be the mysterious count number Cagliostro?

Depending on whom you ask, he used to be both an excellent healer or a perilous charlatan. across the world acclaimed historian Iain McCalman files how Cagliostro crossed paths -- and sometimes swords -- with the likes of Catherine the nice, Marie Antoinette, and Pope Pius VI. He used to be a muse to William Blake and the muse for either Mozart's Magic Flute and Goethe's Faust. Louis XVI had him thrown into the Bastille for his alleged involvement in what may turn out to be often called "the affair of the necklace." but in London, Warsaw, and St. Petersburg, he validated "healing clinics" for the poorest of the negative, and his dexterity within the worlds of alchemy and spiritualism gained him acclaim one of the the Aristocracy throughout Europe.

Also the chief of an unique model of Freemasonry, count number Cagliostro used to be certainly some of the most influential and infamous figures of the latter eighteenth century, overcoming poverty and an ignoble delivery to turn into the darling -- and bane -- of upper-crust Europe.

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Design for a New Europe

By John Gillingham

How did the method of ecu integration holiday down; how can or not it's repaired? In ecu Integration, 1950-2003, John Gillingham reviewed the heritage of the eu venture and envisioned the rejection of the ecu structure. Now the world's prime specialist at the european maps out a path to keep the Union. The 4 chapters of this penetrating, fiercely-argued and sometimes witty ebook topic present day dysfunctional ecu Union to serious scrutiny in an try and convey the way it is stunting financial progress, sapping the power of nationwide governments, and undermining competitiveness. It explains how the try to revive the ecu through turning it right into a champion of analysis and improvement will backfire and demonstrates how Europe's nice scan in political and fiscal union can be triumphant provided that the wave of liberal reform now below means within the traditionally downtrodden east is authorized to brush away the filthy rich and complacent west.

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Europe Since 1914, Volume 4: Encyclopedia of the Age War & Reconstruction

By Jay Winter, John M. Merriman

The tumultuous contemporary century of Europe's heritage is traced during this five-volume set, which choices up the tale started in its better half set, Europe 1789-1914.

Profiling the age of battle and reconstruction, Europe for the reason that 1914 information eu background from the Bolshevik Revolution to the eu Union, linking it to the background of the remainder of the area. Many adjustments within the ecu tale are coated during this simply obtainable choice of approximately 675 illustrations and 920 articles: Europe sundered by way of conflict and genocide, Europe reconfigured after global struggle II and the chilly battle, and Europe creating a new position for itself at the global level. Written through approximately 500 top specialists from universities worldwide, the set successfully covers a large scope, encompassing the period's clinical and fiscal, social and cultural, political and armed forces advancements. clients will locate in it the foremost evidence concerning the interval, transparent factors of the most traces of scholarly interpretation and suggestions via scholarly controversies. Sidebars upload curiosity and rationalization, a chronology and thematic define supply concise context that builds significant connections, and article particular bibliographies provide tips for additional studying. each one quantity additionally contains an 8-page colour insert and a finished index that permits easy access to focus on information.

About this file:
This is quantity four of five, masking Nagy, Imre to Switzerland.

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Europe 1789 to 1914 Volume 5: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire

By Jay Winter, John M. Merriman

The interval among the onset of the French Revolution to the outbreak of worldwide battle I is likely one of the most-studied in historical past. The seriously researched period is singled out during this new five-volume set, protecting the real humans and the main occasions and advancements in Europe.

Broad in scope and encompassing all parts of human recreation, the contributions of roughly six hundred students around the globe are with ease amassed in Europe 1789 to 1914. With a entire index and obtainable prose, readers can simply assemble particular info or leisurely discover the period's medical, social and cultural background in addition to its political, army and monetary developments.

The selection of 868 articles illustrates the influence of the French Revolution and Napoleonic period on Europe, and the transformation of its political, social, and cultural associations by means of the forces of industrialization, nationalism, mass politics, imperialism, nice energy rivalries and leading edge cultural change.

Each article encompasses a bibliography, a few annotated. Enlivening this fabric are sidebars that make clear suggestions and supply excerpts from fundamental resource files. every one quantity additionally comprises an eight-page colour insert and diverse illustrations. A chronology and a thematic define of the contents concisely frames the fabric in a bigger context, supporting readers construct significant connections.

This set hyperlinks eu adventure to the background of the remainder of the area, carrying on with the Charles Scribner's Sons' award-winning line from historic Europe and Encyclopedia of the Renaissance via Europe 1450-1789: Encyclopedia of the Early smooth World.

About this file:
This is quantity five of five, going from Talleyrand, Charles Maurice de to Zollverein + Indexes.

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The Balkans: A Short History

By Mark Mazower

All through heritage, the Balkans were a crossroads, a sector of unending army, cultural and fiscal blending and clashing among Europe and Asia, Christianity and Islam, Catholicism and Orthodoxy. topic to violent shifts of borders, rulers and trust platforms by the hands of the world's nice empires--from the Byzantine to the Habsburg and Ottoman--the Balkans are usually known as Europe's tinderbox and a seething cauldron of ethnic and non secular resentments.

Much has been made up of the Balkans' deeply rooted enmities. the new destruction of the previous Yugoslavia used to be greatly ascribed to millennial hatreds frozen by means of the chilly battle and unleashed with the autumn of communism. during this excellent account, acclaimed historian Mark Mazower argues that this type of view is a dangerously unbalanced fable. A landmark reassessment, The Balkans rescues the region's historical past from many of the ideological camps that experience held it hostage for his or her personal ends, now not least the necessity to justify nonintervention. the guts of the ebook offers with occasions from the emergence of the countryside onward. With searing eloquence, Mazower demonstrates that of the entire presents bequeathed to the sector via modernity, the main doubtful has been the ideological weapon of romantic nationalism that has been used time and again by means of the ability hungry as an acid to dissolve the bonds of centuries of peaceable coexistence. The Balkans is an impressive depiction of a very important zone, its historical past and its clients.

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Human Rights and Revolutions

Now in a revised and up-to-date variation with extra unique chapters, this acclaimed ebook presents an interdisciplinary viewpoint at the complicated hyperlinks among progressive struggles and human rights discourses and practices. overlaying occasions as some distance faraway from each other in time and house because the English Civil battle, the Parisian upheavals of 1789, Latin American independence struggles, and protests in overdue twentieth-century China, the individuals discover the paradoxes of innovative and human rights tasks.

The publication convincingly exhibits the ways that revolutions have either helped spur new advances in considering human rights and produced regimes that dedicate quite a number abuses. offering an surprisingly balanced research of the alterations over the years in conceptions of human rights in Western and non-Western contexts, this paintings bargains a special window into the heritage of the realm in the course of smooth occasions and a clean context for figuring out cutting-edge urgent issues.

Contributions by: Florence Bernault, Mark Philip Bradley, Sumit Ganguly, Greg Grandin, James N. eco-friendly, Lynn Hunt, Yanni Kotsonis, Timothy McDaniel, Kristin Ross, Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, Alexander Woodside, Marilyn B. younger, David Zaret, and Michael Zuckert

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Making the Market: Victorian Origins of Corporate Capitalism (Cambridge Studies in Economic History - Second Series)

By Paul Johnson

Company capitalism was once invented in nineteenth-century Britain; many of the industry associations that we take without any consideration this day - restricted businesses, stocks, inventory markets, accountants, monetary newspapers - have been Victorian creations. So have been the ethical codes, the behavioural assumptions, the principles of thumb and the unstated agreements that made this marketplace constitution paintings. This leading edge research offers the 1st built-in research of the starting place of those formative capitalist associations, and divulges why they have been conceived and the way they have been developed. It explores the ethical, monetary and criminal assumptions that supported this formal institutional constitution, and which proceed to form the company financial system of this present day. Tracing the institutional development of the company economic climate in Victorian Britain and demonstrating that some of the perceived difficulties of contemporary capitalism - monetary fraud, reckless hypothesis, over the top remuneration - have transparent historic precedents, this can be a significant contribution to the industrial historical past of contemporary Britain.

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The History of the Stasi: East Germany's Secret Police, 1945-1990

By Jens Gieseke

The East German Ministry for nation protection stood for Stalinist oppression and all-encompassing surveillance. The "shield and sword of the party," it secured the guideline of the Communist get together for greater than 40 years, and by means of the Nineteen Eighties it had develop into the biggest secret-police equipment on the earth, in keeping with capita. Jens Gieseke tells the tale of the Stasi, a feared secret-police strength and a hugely specialist intelligence provider. He inquires into the mechanisms of dictatorship and the day by day results of surveillance and suspicion. Masterful and thorough straight away, he is taking the reader via this darkish bankruptcy of German postwar background, offering key info on perpetrators, informers, and sufferers. In an evaluation of post-communist reminiscence politics, he severely discusses the implications of establishing the records and the results of the Stasi debate in reunified Germany. an important consultant for examine on communist secret-police forces, this ebook is taken into account the normal reference paintings at the Stasi and has already been translated right into a variety of japanese eu languages.

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Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945

By Tony Judt

Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize
Winner of the Council on international family members Arthur Ross publication Award
One of the New York Times' Ten top Books of the Year

Almost a decade within the making, this much-anticipated grand heritage of postwar Europe from one of many world's such a lot esteemed historians and intellectuals is a novel success. Postwar is the 1st glossy background that covers all of Europe, either east and west, drawing on examine in six languages to comb readers via thirty-four countries and sixty years of political and cultural change-all in a single built-in, mesmerizing narrative. either intellectually bold and compelling to learn, exciting in its scope and pleasant in its small information, Postwar is a unprecedented joy.

 

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Civil War in Europe, 1905-1949

By Stanley G. Payne

This can be the 1st account in any language of the civil wars in Europe in the course of the period of the realm wars, from 1905 to 1949. It treats the preliminary confrontations within the decade ahead of global struggle I, the complicated idea of "European civil war," the effect of the realm wars, the relation among revolution and civil struggle, and the entire person circumstances of civil conflict, with targeted cognizance to Russia and Spain. The civil wars of this period are in comparison and contrasted with past inner conflicts, with specific consciousness to the criteria that made this period a time of surprisingly violent family contests, in addition to those who introduced it to an finish. the most important political, ideological, and social impacts are all taken care of, with a unique specialize in violence opposed to civilians.

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