An Atheism that Is Not Humanist Emerges in French Thought (Cultural Memory in the Present)

By Stefanos Geroulanos

French philosophy replaced dramatically within the moment zone of the 20th century. within the wake of global battle I and, later, the Nazi and Soviet mess ups, significant philosophers comparable to Kojève, Levinas, Heidegger, Koyré, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and Hyppolite argued that guy may perhaps now not fill the void left by way of the "death of God" with no additionally calling up the worst in human heritage and denigrating the respect of the human topic. In reaction, they contributed to a brand new trust that guy should still not be considered because the foundation for life, proposal, and ethics; really, human nature turned depending on different techniques and buildings, together with Being, language, inspiration, and tradition. This argument, which was once to be paramount for existentialism and structuralism, got here to dominate postwar inspiration. This highbrow historical past of those advancements argues that at their middle lay a brand new atheism that defied humanism as inadequate and finally violent.

Show description

Continue reading →

Cannibal Metaphysics (Univocal)

The iconoclastic Brazilian anthropologist and theoretician Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, popular in his self-discipline for supporting begin its “ontological turn,” bargains a imaginative and prescient of anthropology as “the perform of the everlasting decolonization of thought.” After exhibiting that Amazonian and different Amerindian teams inhabit a significantly various conceptual universe than ours—in which nature and tradition, human and nonhuman, topic and item are conceived in phrases that opposite our own—he provides the case for anthropology because the research of such “other” metaphysical schemes, and because the corresponding critique of the strategies imposed on them via the human sciences. alongside the best way, he spells out the implications of this anthropology for considering often through a big reassessment of the paintings of Claude Lévi-Strauss, arguments for the continuing relevance of Deleuze and Guattari, dialogues with the paintings of Philippe Descola, Bruno Latour, and Marilyn Strathern, and creative remedies of difficulties of ontology, translation, and transformation. daring, unforeseen, and profound, Cannibal Metaphysics is likely one of the leader works marking anthropology’s present go back to the theoretical heart stage.

Show description

Continue reading →

Sons of the Shaking Earth

By Eric R. Wolf

"Wolf drew on anthropology, archaeology, heritage, and geography to mildew a powerful, sweeping, and wonderfully written synthesis. With kind and deep own engagement he unraveled the complexity of Mexico and Guatemala's earlier with its a number of ethnicities, many languages, and environmental variety. . . . Armies of graduate scholars have challenged some of the information, however the publication stands as a monument to a time while social scientists have been in a position to imagine huge suggestions and write dependent English"—Foreign Affairs, major Books of the final seventy five Years.

Show description

Continue reading →

The Global Code: How a New Culture of Universal Values Is Transforming Business and Marketing

By Clotaire Rapaille

For many years, Clotaire Rapaille's paintings desirous about how people's relationships with an important techniques of their lives—love, health and wellbeing, and cash, for instance—are guided by way of unconscious cultural messages. yet lately, he has exposed a brand new phenomenon: a "global unconscious," or middle values and emotions which are constant worldwide—the results of our consistent interconnectedness. He has additionally pointed out a brand new workforce who're paving the best way for the way forward for decision-making: the worldwide Tribe. those people are fluent within the language of tradition, untied to any thought of nationalism or ideology. they're defining the foremost values riding our new international financial system, with profound implications for the way businesses marketplace their items and services.

Rapaille takes us on a trip via China, Brazil, India, England and in every single place in among to find the recent criteria for luxurious, excitement, expertise and schooling. How can elite manufacturers compete in a global of knockoffs? How can universities retain their status whilst an inexpensive master's measure or doctorate is barely a click on away? We needs to converse the language of the worldwide Tribe on the way to succeed.

Building on seven years of study, Rapaille analyzes how this new approach has taken carry in numerous areas, and the way dealers and repair prone can tailor their choices and advertising therefore. the worldwide Code is a useful glimpse at how our new multi-sphere international is affecting us all.

Show description

Continue reading →

Enemies of Civilization: Attitudes toward Foreigners in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)

By Mu-Chou Poo

Looks at how foreigners have been appeared in 3 historical civilizations, discovering that cultural, no longer biophysical, variations have been key in distinguishing "us" from "them."

Enemies of Civilization is a piece of comparative historical past and cultural cognizance that discusses how “others” have been perceived in 3 historical civilizations: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. every one civilization was once the dominant tradition in its a part of the area, and every constructed a way of thinking that appeared itself as culturally better to its pals. Mu-chou Poo compares those societies’ attitudes towards different cultures and reveals variations and similarities that display the self-perceptions of every society.

Notably, this paintings exhibits that during distinction to fashionable racism in keeping with biophysical gains, such prejudice didn't exist in those historic societies. It used to be tradition instead of biophysical nature that was once an important criterion for distinguishing us from them. through interpreting how societies conceive their prejudices, this e-book breaks new floor within the examine of historical heritage and opens new how you can examine human society, either historical and modern.

Mu-chou Poo is Professor and study Fellow within the Institute of background and Philology at Academia Sinica in Taiwan. he's the writer of a number of books, together with looking for own Welfare: A View of old chinese language faith, additionally released through SUNY Press.

Show description

Continue reading →

The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis

By Elaine Morgan

Why do people range from different primates? What do these variations let us know approximately human evolution? Elaine Morgan provides a innovative speculation that explains our anatomic anomalies--why we stroll on legs, why we're lined in fats, why we will be able to keep an eye on our price of respiring? The solutions element to at least one end: hundreds of thousands of years in the past our ancestors have been trapped in a semi-aquatic setting. In providing her case Elaine Morgan forces scientists to query authorized theories of human evolution.

Show description

Continue reading →

The Naked Ape: A Zoologist's Study of the Human Animal

By Desmond Morris

This paintings has turn into a benchmark of well known anthropology and psychology.

Zoologist Desmond Morris considers people as being easily one other animal species during this vintage publication first released in 1967. this is the bare Ape at his such a lot primal in love, at paintings, at warfare. Meet guy as he quite is: relative to the apes, stripped of his veneer as we see him relationship, making love, snoozing, socializing, grooming, playing. The bare Ape takes its position along Darwin’s Origin of the Species, proposing guy now not as a fallen angel, yet as a risen ape, outstanding in his resilience, strength and mind's eye, but an animal still, at risk of forgetting his origins. 

With its penetrating insights on mans beginnings, intercourse existence, conduct and our remarkable bonds to the animal kingdom, The bare Ape is a landmark, instantly provocative, compelling and undying.

Show description

Continue reading →

Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures

By Marvin Harris

During this wonderful and profound research the celebrated American anthropologist Marvin Harris indicates how the unending forms of cultural habit -- usually so complicated before everything look -- might be defined as diversifications to specific ecological stipulations. His goal is to account for the evolution of cultural varieties as Darwin accounted for the evolution of organic varieties: to teach how cultures undertake their attribute types in keeping with altering ecological modes.

"[A] magisterial interpretation of the increase and fall of human cultures and societies."

-- Robert Lekachman, Washington put up publication World

"Its persuasive arguments announcing the primacy of cultural instead of genetic or mental elements in human lifestyles deserve the widest attainable audience."

-- Gloria Levitas the hot Leader

"[An] unique and...urgent concept concerning the nature of guy and on the cause that human cultures take such a lot of assorted shapes."

-- the recent Yorker

"Lively and controversial."

-- I. Bernard Cohen, entrance web page, the hot York instances publication assessment

Show description

Continue reading →